Green Public Procurement (GPP) urges public purchasers to take account of environmental factors when buying products or services.
The Commission defines GPP as follows: “a process whereby public authorities seek to procure goods, services and works with a reduced environmental impact throughout their life-cycle when compared to goods, services and works with the same primary function that would otherwise be procured.” (source: Commission Communication on GPP 2008)
GPP concerns both contracting national, regional or local authorities and so-called bodies 'governed by public law' without an industrial or commercial character and for the most part financed, administered or supervised by public authorities as well as contracting entities that operate in so-called 'special sectors' (water, energy, transport and postal services) that provide public services and remain fairly dependent on public money.
In March 2010 the European Commission launched the Europe 2020 Strategy: a European strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. The strategy reinvigorates the GPP policy in Europe by encouraging wider use of green public procurement.